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Do Pregnancy-Induced Brain Changes Reverse? The Brain of a Mother Six Years after Parturition

Background: Neuroimaging researchers commonly assume that the brain of a mother is comparable to that of a nulliparous woman. However, pregnancy leads to pronounced gray matter volume reductions in the mother’s brain, which have been associated with …

The Paternal Transition Entails Neuroanatomic Adaptations that are Associated with the Father’s Brain Response to his Infant Cues

Background: The transition into fatherhood is a life-changing event that requires substantial psychological adaptations. In families that include a father figure, sensitive paternal behavior has been shown to positively impact the infant’s …

Becoming a mother entails anatomical changes in the ventral striatum of thehuman brain that facilitate its responsiveness to offspring cues

Background: In mothers, offspring cues are associated with a powerful reinforcing value that motivates maternal care. Animalstudies show that this is mediated by dopamine release into the nucleus accumbens, a core component of thebrain’s reward …

Pregnancy and adolescence entail similar neuroanatomicaladaptations. A comparative analysis of cerebralmorphometric changes

Mapping the impact of pregnancy on the human brain is essential for understanding the neurobiol-ogy of maternal caregiving. Recently, we found that pregnancy leads to a long-lasting reduction incerebral gray matter volume. However, the morphometric …

Brain plasticity in pregnancy and the postpartum period. Links to maternal caregiving and mental health

Background: Pregnancy and the postpartum period involve numerous physiological adaptations that enable the development and survival of the offspring. A distinct neural plasticity characterizes the female brain during this period, and dynamic …

Pregnancy leads to long-lasting changes in human brain structure

Background: Pregnancy involves radical hormone surges and biological adaptations. However, the effects of pregnancy on the human brain are virtually unknown. Here we show, using a prospective (‘pre’-‘post’ pregnancy) study involving first-time …